Tuesday, August 25, 2020

Corporate Social Responsibility in Banking

Question: Examine about the Corporate Social Responsibility in Banking. Answer: Presentation Corporate Social duty is a self guideline activity by an association to secure and advance reasonable condition and social prosperity of the area that it works (Allen and Craig, 2016). Corporate social obligation (CSR) empower associations incorporate with the general public with a point of accomplishing practical turns of events. CSR includes activities to ration nature and ventures that advance social wellbeing. CSR in banking alludes to starts that advance capable contributing, human rights security, capable loaning and maintainable ecological arrangement in it activities and accomplices. Banks have a focal job in the conservative existence of the organizations and have ability to impact their activities toward reasonable condition (Cristbal, Albo and Irabien, 2010). Banks offer money related loaning administrations in the general public that are utilized in putting resources into a few ventures that can debase the earth. The accompanying report will talk about the Commonwealth Bank of Australia Corporate Social Responsibility strategy on carbon impression. The report will examine the Banks strategy to diminish the carbon discharge in the earth and the capacity of the arrangement to lessen it carbon impression. The report will likewise contrast the Banks starts and approaches and HDFC Bank in India on corporate social obligation in lessening carbon impression. Conversation District Bank Carbon impression alludes to measure of ozone depleting substance emanations that can be related to a specific association (Carbonfund.org, 2017). Federation Bank is one of the greatest and most seasoned banks in Australia with base camp in Sydney. The Bank has a few branches far and wide and target clients around the world. The Bank is engaged with financing huge ventures in mining, horticulture, fabricating, power, transport, assembling and property advancements. These ventures financed by the bank lead to high discharge of carbon gases to nature. This shows the bank is identified with the carbon outflow since it funds the ventures. These carbon discharges are credited to the Banks carbon impression based on loaning. This shows the organization has different sides of the carbon outflow; one from the loaning administrations that the bank offers to organizations and the self carbon discharge from its activities. The Commonwealth Bank CSR Initiatives to Reduce Carbon Footprint Divulgence of Carbon Footprint Province bank has received Global Carbon Disclosure guideline that requires straightforwardness and divulgence of the carbon impression from its tasks and loaning portfolio when revealing in the yearly report. This CSR includes detailing all carbon outflow that are related with the business loaning portfolio in it money related year while giving the yearly report. This approach requires the bank to set up an itemized report that shows the effect of their loaning to carbon emanation (Commbank.com.au, 2017). This arrangement likewise expects organizations to report their carbon outflow report to the bank. The bank utilizes this data to distinguish and follow up on circumstances that can improve its carbon execution. Mindful Funding The Bank remembers it job in encouraging turns of events and development through subsidizing. The Bank remembers it impact in subsidizing ventures that have sway on the earth. Empowering and encouraging advancements is the significant job of the bank and all improvement have carbon impression. The Bank has along these lines established severe natural standards and founded a social and administration loaning duties and Equator standards to be followed when affirming subsidizing. This implies organizations looking for financing from the Commonwealth Bank should meet the ecological standards and keep the social and administration responsibilities. These measures are intended to guarantee the Bank impact carbon emanations by practicing dependable loaning. Usage of Renewable Programs The Bank has turned out sunlight based vitality to seventeen branches across Australia. These sunlight based boards have spared 40% vitality and spared 60% expense. The Bank is focused on producing it own power to supplant the flow utilization of non sustainable power. This sun based program activity is decreasing the measure of carbon impression of the organization (Commbank.com.au, 2017). This activity will lessen the carbon emanation that who have been discharged to deliver non inexhaustible power. Living in Sustainable Infrastructure The Bank has rented new workplaces at Australian Technological Park from 2015. The bank is moving its tasks to structures that are intended to accomplish 5 Star NABERS Energy and six Star Green Star rating. The structures are vitality and water proficient. These structures are worked in present day plans that save nature by lessening carbon discharge and water wastage (Chakraborty and Roy, 2013). This activity of the bank is intended to lessen the carbon impression. This activity will empower the Bank demonstration obligation to nature. Examination of Commonwealth Bank of Australia and HDFC Bank of India HDFC Bank The Housing Development Finance Corporation Limited (HDGFC) Bank was begun in 1994 and was among the first Banks in Quite a while to get endorsed by Reserve Bank of India (RBI). The HDGFC bank has home office in Mumbai, India. The Bank has all around created supportability strategy to enact carbon impression. The Bank has a business reasoning that is endeavors to keep up balance between capita, nature and network (HDFC Bank.com, 2017). It puts stock in ecological protection for reasonable business. HDFC Bank CSR on Carbon Footprint The business activities to carbon impression decrease are as per the following. First the organization has presented paperless banking. The ATMs of the banks have gotten paperless prompting decrease of carbon impression. The organization has started multichannel conveyance that utilizations Net-Banking, Mobile-Banking and Phone-Banking. This activity decreases the carbon discharge that would be produced in tasks and client travel to premises. Also, the bank has started sun based ATMs in its endeavors to decrease natural impression. The ATMs utilize battery-powered Batteries that utilization sun based vitality. This has decreased the utilization of customary vitality. Third, the Bank has presented a vitality the board module in it 100branches across significant urban areas. This program screens and controls power use and limits wastage. The program utilizes sensors to screen. The program is additionally used to screen diesel utilization in the DG sets. Fourth, the organization has del iberate reports it carbon Disclosure as required by Global Reporting Initiatives on unveiling Carbon Emission. The Bank has had the option to complete CDP initiative list in 2014-2015 money related year. This activity help the Bank remember it carbon emanation and assume liability by following up on chances to decrease it carbon impression execution. In conclusion, the HDFC Bank has gone along to economical in addition to for corporate maintainable name. This contribution help the organization lead it ESG examination and measure execution as far as supportability. This has empowered the Bank to be appraised as Sustainable in addition to Gold Label. Examination From the two records plot in this paper, Commonwealth Bank and HDFC Bank are cognizant about the carbon impression execution in their tasks. The two Banks have activities planned for lessening carbon emanation to the earth (Svensson and Wagner, 2011). The two organizations are utilizing sunlight based vitality as an elective wellspring of vitality to decrease ordinary power use. The Banks likewise dedicated to unveiling their carbon impression execution. Despite what might be expected, it clear that the banks center is extraordinary. Federation Bank of Australia has incredible spotlight because of their loaning to carbon outflow. The Bank requires organizations being subsidized to stand to exacting natural standards and demonstrate responsibility to Social and ecological strategies. This isn't tended to by the HDFC Bank in India. The HDFC Bank has likewise presented paperless financial that moderates trees and lessens carbon emanation in activities and transportation. This activity i sn't addresses by the district Bank in Australia. End From our investigation of the Commonwealth Bank in Australia, it shows that Banks are engaging in activities that advance maintainability through corporate social duty. The Banks are starting projects and practices that preserve nature willfully. The examination of the India Bank and an Australian Bank, it shows that there is a universal pattern of associations to include in CSR activities to ration the earth and advance supportable business without mediation of controllers. Consequently, it very well may be presumed that associations have gone to CSR exercises to get endorsement from the general public by adding to reasonable financial improvement to the general public. References Allen, M. furthermore, Craig, C. (2016). Reconsidering corporate social obligation in the time of environmental change: a correspondence point of view. Universal Journal of Corporate Social Responsibility, 1(1). Chakraborty, D. furthermore, Roy, J. (2013). Vitality and carbon impression: numbers matter in low vitality and low carbon decisions. Current Opinion in Environmental Sustainability, 5(2), pp.237-243. Commbank.com.au. (2017). CommBank's Sustainability Report 2016. [online] Available at: https://www.commbank.com.au/cr-report2016/cs-sustainably.html [Accessed 20 Apr. 2017]. Commbank.com.au. (2017). Province Bank actualizes supportability arrangements and practices. [online] Available at: https://www.commbank.com.au/about-us/news/media-discharges/2015/republic bank-executes maintainability arrangements and-practices.html [Accessed 20 Apr. 2017]. Cristbal, J., Albo, J. also, Irabien, A. (2010). Natural Sustainability Assessment of Electricity From Fo

Saturday, August 22, 2020

Taking the LSAT Under Special Circumstances

Taking the LSAT Under Special Circumstances Taking the LSAT is a tremendous advance as you continued looking for a profession in the suit world. Indeed, its essential for pretty much every graduate school application out there! Anyway, consider the possibility that you have to take the LSAT under exceptional conditions. Maybe you can't test on the Sabbath, and need to enroll for the test on another date. Is that conceivable? Or on the other hand, maybe you essentially can't bear the cost of the LSAT expenses. what can be done? Underneath, youll discover some data about taking the LSAT under these exceptional conditions, and the means expected to finish your enlistment on the off chance that you fall under one of these classes. Sabbath Observers On the off chance that you happen to watch the Sabbath on Saturdays, and in this way, can't take a test on that date, at that point what are your alternatives if youre attempting to get into graduate school? LSAC (Law School Admission Council) has as of now make courses of action for you. In the event that you check the LSAT test dates, youll see that the test is offered one more day of the week each time its given on a Saturday. Normally, those days are Mondays. You can enroll as a Saturday Sabbath Observer (directions on the web), yet a hold will be set for you until LSAC gets a letter from your rabbi or priest on authentic writing material that clarifies your strict association. Lets state your rabbi isnt the timeliest of sorts. Youll must be steady in your solicitation, at that point! All letters must be gotten by the late enlistment cutoff time for your test date, or you won't have the option to test on that date. Of course, youll recover your money, however you may miss the application cutoff time for your school of decision. Better ask early! Letters will be kept on record for you, so you wont need to request another one on the off chance that you choose to push your LSAT test back to another date or need to retest. What's more, for the record, in the event that you are taking the LSAT on a Sabbath Observers test date, you won't have the option to step through the exam on a consistently planned test date (on a Saturday) later on. On the off chance that you register for a Saturday test date, LSAC will naturally knock your testing date to the Sabbath Observers testing date.â Need your rabbi to send in a letter for you? Heres the location and fax number where the person in question can send the report: Address:â â â  â â LSAC Test Administration  â â â â â â â â â â â â â â â â â â â â â PO BOX 2000-T  â â â â â â â â â â â â â â â â â â â â â Newtown PA 18940 Fax:â â â  â â â â â â â â â â 215.968.1277 Expense Waivers Not every person is made of cash, am I right? Truly, I am. It can get expensive when you separate the expense of the LSAT. From enrollment charges to the Credit Assembly Service (CAS), which is LSACs administration that sums up your student work and consolidates records with LSAT score and composing test to make a report to send to graduate schools, your LSAT experience can get extravagant. Fortunately in the event that you qualify, you can get a portion of your charges deferred. Coming up next are remembered for a LSAT expense waiver, which will be useful for a long time from the date of contingent endorsement by LSAC: Two LSATs (test dates must fall inside the two-year waiver period)One enlistment for LSACs Credential Assembly Service (CAS), which incorporates the Letter of Recommendation Service, the LSAC Evaluation Service, and access to electronic applications for all LSAC-part law schools;Four graduate school reports included with the Credential Assembly Service, accessible simply after definite endorsement of a LSAC charge waiver;One duplicate of the Official LSAT SuperPrep ®. Excluded? Things like test date changes, late enrollment, hand scoring, paper duplicates, and so forth. Anyway, how would you know whether you qualify? LSAC keeps it straightforward: on the off chance that you completely can't stand to pay for the test, at that point you qualify. Furthermore, theyll know since when you present your application (at any rate a month and a half preceding your enrollment cutoff time), youll need to give tax documents and other money related materials so they can audit your case. On the off chance that youd like to demand an expense waiver before taking the LSAT, there are three approaches: Web based: Requesting a charge waiver through the online application is the quickest, most helpful technique. Youll need to either have a current LSAC.org account or be happy to make one. In the event that you dont need to round out the data on the web, you can download an application and mail it in. By Phone: U.S. or on the other hand Canadian residents can demand a charge waiver parcel by calling 215.968.1001 a month and a half before the enrollment deadline.â In Person: Go to your closest graduate school affirmation office or prelaw consultant in any event a month and a half preceding the enlistment cutoff time to demand an expense waiver bundle.

Sunday, July 26, 2020

Your Quick Guide to Articles A, An, and The

Your Quick Guide to Articles A, An, and The While learning the English language has its challenges, articles in English can be quite simple to understand if you know the general rules surrounding their use. And theres further good newsâ€"there are only three: a, an and the.Article basics and useAn article is an adjective that is used to modify a noun. It will come before the noun in English sentence structure, although there could be an adjective between the article and the noun.Here are some examples of articles in a sentence:The rat escaped from the cats grasp.A delicious dinner will follow the keynote address.I think tonight will be an eventful evening.A and an (the indefinite articles)The choice between these two indefinite articles depends on the noun the article modifies. A is used with a noun that has a consonant sound at the beginning, while an is used with a noun that has a vowel sound at the beginning.But be careful hereâ€"a common mistake people make is to assume that they should focus on the literal spelling of the noun, when rather, they should focus on the sound. For example, look at the phrases and article use below. Note that in some cases, A comes before a vowel-led word instead of An if the word sounds like it begins with a consonant:An unforgettable momentAn unworthy opponentAn octagonAn honor (hon sounds like on)An only childAn x-ray (x sounds like ex)A younger womanA university dorm (u sounds like you)A one-track mindA unique opportunity (u sounds like you)The (the definite article)When deciding whether to use The as the article of choice for a noun in a sentence, the first question you must ask is related to specificity. In other words, is the article referring to a specific object or a non-specific object?For example, lets look at the sentence: Please lock the door before you leave.In this example, the speaker is referring to a specific door that is likely known to the person to whom the sentence is spoken. Usually this is the front door or the main door to a room or building, so w hen told to lock the door on your way out, you can usually infer which door.However, imagine if the speaker had said: Please lock a door before you leave. In this case, the person hearing the information would likely be confused. Which door? Well…according to the speaker, any door, as long as it is a door. If that doesnt make sense, then using the as the article is the correct choice.Here are some other examples of sentences in which The is the correct article choice:The car parked in our driveway needs to be moved.Please place the book youre carrying back on the shelf.I lost my phone at the grocery story yesterday.

Friday, May 22, 2020

How Factors in the External Business Environment Influence...

Using an organisation you are familiar with; explain how factors in the external business environment influence marketing strategies and outcomes ‘Betfair betting exchange processes more than seven million transactions a day- that’s more than all European stock exchanges combined.’(Betfair, 2011) With this sentence we can observe the magnitude and growth that an online gambling company like Betfair.com has achieved. To reach this point they have dealt with many issues in their external environment and they have overcome these problems through intelligence in their marketing strategies. Marketing is ‘the management process of anticipating, identifying and satisfying customer requirements profitably’ (CIM, 2011). Almost any company has to†¦show more content†¦What Betfair says is that these restrictions are against what customers want and that they lead to market failure. As Solomon et al (2009: 60) states ‘†¦global marketers must understand more complex political issues that can affect how they do business and their potential for success’. The German example is only one of the many different legislations which Betfair have to deal with, therefore when they market their products in one specific country they have to know perfectly what kind of services are prohibited in those countries to avoid legal issues with governments and consumers. When deciding on international expansion they also need a sensitive analysis of the legislation in that country as it might not be profitable to operate there if either their gross profit tax is very high, or if many products like online casino are banned, or if betting large amounts of money are prohibited. When Betfair segment their market they might do it by geography. This is where the socio-cultural environment will affect their decisions and where a differentiated marketing strategy will be necessary in each country. In many countries gambling is illegal and in more of them it is seen as evil because people might get addicted and lose their resources via these betting companies, that is why ethics becomes a topic of great importance to BetfairShow MoreRelatedBusiness Environment Past Papers1115 Words   |  5 PagesUnit Title: Introduction to Business Guided Learning Hours: 100 Level: Level 4 Number of Credits: 12 Learning Outcome 1 The learner will: Understand the objectives of a business, what resources they need and to whom they are accountable. Assessment Criteria The learner can: 1.1 Define and show an understanding of the important business terms related to corporate objectives. Indicative Content 1.1.1 Define and show an understanding of the terms ‘corporate aims’, ‘corporate objectives’Read MoreStrategic Planning : Inside Out And Outside1020 Words   |  5 PagesStrategic Planning Internal and External Analysis Two approaches to strategy: Inside out and outside in. Either: Evaluate own capabilities; develop products or services you can develop (inside out) Look for needs in marketplace and relate them to your own capabilities (outside in) Team work: Read Tactics Are the New Strategy and prepare answers to questions 1. Is the author’s use of Axl Rose of Guns N Roses an accurate portrayal of the new reality or is it indicative of a problem with Axl Rose’sRead MoreThe Basic Hr Strategic Model1227 Words   |  5 PagesThe basic HR strategic model is unique to business and organisations. There are three steps to it, the strategic analysis, strategic choice and strategic complementation which in many ways it supports the cooperate strategy, business and operational strategy, functionalities of strategic approaches to plan, forecast the changing factors and deliver ways to achieving results. Businesses often review their strategies and create an action plan to implement the action and monitor the results. In manyRead MoreSwot Analysis : Apple As A Company And Their Products1085 Words   |  5 PagesPESTEL Analysis consist of political, economic, social, technological, environmental, and legal factors that make up an organization and for this paper we will analysis Apple as a company a nd their products. Apple is among the fastest growing company that has made itself a recognizable consumer name for electronics and gadgets. Investors have always looked forward for investing in Apple due to its strong revenue and high return on investment. Started operating as a traditional computer company, itRead MoreHow Do Customer Relationships Give Companies A Competitive Edge? Essay1288 Words   |  6 PagesQuestion 1: How do customer relationships give companies a competitive edge? Through sustaining the customer relationships, leaders of the company have realized that â€Å"becoming nearer to the consumer† is vital for the progression. Together consumers and buyers of the trade have extra options through authorization from mobile and online channels that create more options to purchase, get and give suggestions, and converse back with the companies. Currently consumers freely turn away from any wellRead MoreUK toys and games industry1642 Words   |  7 Pages Case analysis I. Macro environment Any changes in macro environment will inevitably influence on the company. PESTLE is a framework to estimate external forces (see Table 1) Table 1. PESTLE analysis Factor Current situation Implications Political/ Legal/ Environmental 1) Restrictions in marketing to children 1) ethical and legal aspects should be taken in marketing to children; damage to company reputation in case of offence Economical 1) Recovery after recession and economicRead MoreEnvironmental Analysis And Setting Strategic Goals1660 Words   |  7 Pagesneed to be aware of what is going on in their environments that might concern them, and more so, during the planning process. Diverse but overlapping environments ought to be monitored; the macro environment, the industrial environment, the competitive environment, and the organization’s internal environment (Ginter, 2013; Pfeiffer, 1986). At Rapha AL, my chosen organization, the environmental scanning will include distinct internal and external factors that would enable Rapha gain excellent understandingRead MoreSocial Cultural Factors : The Basic Beliefs And Values Of Consumers Essay1667 Words   |  7 PagesSocial-cultural factors outlines the basic beliefs and values of consumers. It is the forces that influences an individual’s way of thinking, lifestyles and behaviors. Marketers must take into consideration the various character istics of the consumers it is going to sell or target as this is vital in the development of marketing strategies, therefore, making the product or services appealing to customers. One important development is the changing and growth in racial and ethnicity, affecting theRead MoreCustomer Satisfaction And Cost Of Nestle Dairy Milk Essay1467 Words   |  6 Pagesnutrition food. Customer expectations- People expect food purity give 100%. People become accustomed to a certain taste and the comfort associated with it and they can tell immediately if something isn t quite right.. 1.2 Definition includes how customer expectations, satisfaction and cost, and cultural differences are balanced. Ans:-Customer expectation: In global markets the demand is so high. In some markets and in certain industries, the offer is higher than the demand and so companiesRead MoreStrategic Leadership And Decision Making1454 Words   |  6 Pageshas had several external environmental factors affecting their business including social, legal, economic, political, and technological forces that they have had to overcome and adapt to. Due to these factors, McCain has had numerous opportunities and threats that affect business strategy, philosophy, and initiatives. The volatility, uncertainty, complexity, and ambiguity of strategic planning and decision making and how it affects McCain’s strategy will be discussed below to show how McCain is handling

Friday, May 8, 2020

Simon s Model Of Human Decision Making - 974 Words

Herbert A. Simons was a scientist that was interested in the subject of human decision making and because of this, it lead him to studying various disciplines to gain a wider knowledge of decision theory (Auiger 2000). This gathered knowledge lead to what is today known as the Simon’s Model. Simon’s model involves four main phases. These phases include, the intelligence phase, the design phase, the choice phase and implementation The first phase of Simon’s model is the intelligence phase. It is in this phase that the problem or decision that must be made, must be identified and clearly defined. Therefore, it is important to understand the true nature of the problem or opportunity and not the symptoms. â€Å"Often, what is described as a problem may be only a symptom of a problem† (Turban 2011, p.48). Campitelli and Gobet (2010, p.359) state that participants must use strategies to reduce the number of states they need to explore to reach the final state. This approach is aimed to narrow the field of information that must be gathered to ensure relevant information is accessible during further phases. The identification of the problem or opportunity allows for categorisation into structured, semi-structured or unstructured. There are multiple issues that can occur in this phase that can have a flow on effect to further phases. These issues can include things such as unavailable data, inaccurate da ta, qualitative (soft) data, information overload or assuming future data will beShow MoreRelatedA Review On Organisational Theories1677 Words   |  7 Pagesreview of organisational theories Craig Morley University of the People A review of organisational theories 1 In Chapter 2 of the Organizational Theory text we reviewed four theoretical contributions which are central to the understanding of today s Organizations. Offer a brief analysis of all four theoretical concepts and then pick the one you the feel is the most influential from both historical and managerial perspectives. Explain. Now, consider how these concepts impacted the development ofRead MoreThe Theory Of Rational Systems1342 Words   |  6 PagesScott s Perspective of Organization s as Rational Systems in the perspective of Weber, Simon and Taylor. In the perspective of rational systems as defined by Scott- organizations are defined as â€Å"instruments designed to attain specific goals†. Scott focuses on the action of functional rationality that refers to the implementation of a series of actions to attain specific goals with maximum possible efficiency. Scott s draws his basic definition of rationality by encompassing the results, researchRead MoreEssay about bounded rationality1006 Words   |  5 Pagesclear section headings, and clear paragraphing. NB: our example does not reach 1500 words; further paragraphs need to be written in sections 2 and 3. The Decision A mining claim of 60 miles had to be staked, and the project manager Tom Parker decided to budget 7 days and 3 assistants to do it. He based this decision on his own physical experience and skill. He was an outdoors man, skilled in all non-technical aspects of mining claims. He himself proved able to do 8 claims per dayRead MoreThe Cost Of Free Will1428 Words   |  6 PagesThe Cost of Free Will; Within the Human Condition Temptation, as an omnipresent force, possesses the capacity to dictate one s life. Drawing the line between good and evil, these desires for destruction have the ability to take utter control or linger within the shadows. Manifesting from within, or as an exterior component, the darkness within feeds on the destruction of humanity, stealing peoples innocence. It is within the human condition to formulate decisions and to purposefully chose betweenRead MoreEssay about Organizatinal Change1668 Words   |  7 Pagesparticipation of their teams and establish the environment for their organizations to succeed (Eisner, 2011, p. 51-52). Lewin, a leader in the field of change, provides a change model that includes the three steps that change agents must lead their organization through to achieve a successful change in his seminal article Group Decision and Social Change (1958, pp. 210-211). These steps are unfreezing,, moving, and freezing. The next section will first include a brief description of the management theoriesRead MoreDecision-Making Model Analysis Paper1526 Words   |  7 PagesDecision-Making Model Analysis Paper Hal E. Bat University Of Phoenix Critical Thinking: Strategies in Decision-Making MGT350 Daryl Korinek Jan 06, 2006 Decision-Making Model Analysis Paper Introduction In order to master critical thinking, the ability to question information and solve problems must be present. The crucial steps that lead to successful decision-making is not based solely on our skills and abilities, but on the strategies that help us get there. All these steps combinedRead MoreThe Concept Of Corporate Governance1100 Words   |  5 Pagesimplementing structural processes for deciding which decisions the board should actually make to assist in controlling unethical practices. Some of these consists of creating annual calendars for scheduling major board decisions, committee charters for defining the board’s responsibility for decision making, and decision protocols to determine which decisions should be made by the executives and those to be made by the board. Decision- making norms take shape in a common-law fashion, incorporatingRead MoreThe Rational Model of Policy Decision Making2827 Words   |  12 Pages------------------------------------------------- -------------------------------------------------------------------Public Policy and Policy Analysis: The Rational Model Question: The rational model of public policy making, though heavily criticized, is the most widely used and or talked about model. Discuss why. By Lefoko O. Molebatsi (University of Botswana) Instructor: Prof G. S Maipose 2001 1 Selected Essays by Lefoko O. Molebatsi (2001) -----------------------------------------------------------------------Read MoreThe Rational Model of Policy Decision Making2813 Words   |  12 Pages--------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------Public Policy and Policy Analysis: The Rational Model Question: The rational model of public policy making, though heavily criticized, is the most widely used and or talked about model. Discuss why. By Lefoko O. Molebatsi (University of Botswana) Instructor: Prof G. S Maipose 2001 1 Selected Essays by Lefoko O. Molebatsi (2001) ---------------------------------------------------------------------------Read MorePhysics Of Bsc Linked Between Measuring Performance1719 Words   |  7 Pagessatisfaction, development of human and intellectual capital and learning†. This study will adapt the definition used in BCS.org because it supports the uses of BSC as a strategic planning and management tool, used to align business activities to the vision and strategy of an organization. According to Kaplan and Norton, considering Balanced Scorecard as an innovation to performance analysis and not just a measure will have positive influence in strategic decision making process. 2.3 Overview of BSC

Wednesday, May 6, 2020

The Twilight Saga 4 Breaking Dawn 12. Some People Just Don’t Grasp … Free Essays

12. Some People Just Don’t Grasp The Concept Of â€Å"Unwelcome† I was right on the edge of sleep. The sun had risen behind the clouds an hour ago – the forest was gray now instead of black. We will write a custom essay sample on The Twilight Saga 4: Breaking Dawn 12. Some People Just Don’t Grasp †¦ or any similar topic only for you Order Now Seth’d curled up and passed out around one, and I’d woken him at dawn to trade off. Even after running all night, I was having a hard time making my brain shut up long enough to fall asleep, but Seth’s rhythmic run was helping. One, two-three, four, one, two-three, four – dum dum-dum dam – dull paw thuds against the damp earth, over and over as he made the wide circuit surrounding the Cullens’ land. We were already wearing a trail into the ground. Seth’s thoughts were empty, just a blur of green and gray as the woods flew past him. It was restful. It helped to fill my head with what he saw rather than letting my own images take center stage. And then Seth’s piercing howl broke the early morning quiet. I lurched up from the ground, my front legs pulling toward a sprint before my hind legs were off the ground. I raced toward the place where Seth had frozen, listening with him to the tread of paws running in our direction. Morning, boys. A shocked whine broke through Seth’s teeth. And then we both snarled as we read deeper into the new thoughts. Oh, man! Goaway, Leah! Seth groaned. I stopped when I got to Seth, head thrown back, ready to howl again – this time to complain. Cut the noise, Seth. Right. Ugh! Ugh! Ugh!He whimpered and pawed at the ground, scratching deep furrows in the dirt. Leah trotted into view, her small gray body weaving through the underbrush. Stop whining, Seth. You’re such a baby. I growled at her, my ears flattening against my skull. She skipped back a step automatically. What do you think you’re doing, Leah? She huffed a heavy sigh. It’s pretty obvious, isn’t it? I’m joining your crappy little renegade pack. The vampires’ guard dogs. She barked out a low, sarcastic laugh. No, you’re not. Turn around before I rip out one of your hamstrings. Like you could catch me.She grinned and coiled her body for launch. Wanna race, O fearless leader? I took a deep breath, filling my lungs until my sides bulged. Then, when I was sure I wasn’t going to scream, i exhaled in a gust. Seth, go let the Cullens know that it’s just your stupid sister – thought the words as harshly as possible. deal with this. On it!Seth was only too happy to leave. He vanished toward the house. Leah whined, and she leaned after him, the fur on her shoulders rising. You’re just going to let him run off to the vampires alone? I’m pretty sure he’d rather they took him out than spend another minute with you. Shut up, Jacob. Oops, I’m sorry – meant, shut up, most high Alpha. Why thehellare you here? You think I’m just going to sit home while my little brother volunteers as a vampire chew toy? Seth doesn’t want or need your protection. In fact, no one wants you here. Oooh, ouch, that’s gonna leave ahuge mark. Ha, she barked. Tell me who does want me around, and I’m outta here. So this isn’t about Seth at all, is it? Of course it is. I’m just pointing out that being unwanted is not a first for me. Not really a motivating factor, if you know what I mean. I gritted my teeth and tried to get my head straight. Did Sam send you? If I was here on Sam’s errand, you wouldn’t be able to hear me. My allegiance is no longer with him. I listened carefully to the thoughts mixed in with the words. If this was a diversion or a ploy, I had to be alert enough to see through it. But there was nothing. Her declaration was nothing but the truth. Unwilling, almost despairing truth. You’re loyal tome now? I asked with deep sarcasm. Uh-huh. Right. My choices are limited. I’m working with the options I’ve got. Trust me, I’m not enjoying this any more than you are. That wasn’t true. There was an edgy kind of excitement in her mind. She was unhappy about this, but she was also riding some weird high. I searched her mind, trying to understand. She bristled, resenting the intrusion. I usually tried to tune Leah out – I’d never tried to make sense of her before. We were interrupted by Seth, thinking his explanation at Edward. Leah whined anxiously. Edward’s face, framed in the same window as last night, showed no reaction to the news. It was a blank face, dead. Wow, he looks bad,Seth muttered to himself. The vampire showed no reaction to that thought, either. He disappeared into the house. Seth pivoted and headed back out to us. Leah relaxed a little. What’s going on?Leah asked. Catch me up to speed. There’s no point You’re not staying. Actually, Mr. Alpha, I am. Because since apparently I have to belong tosomeone – and don’t think I haven’t tried breaking off on my own, you know yourself how wellthat doesn ‘t work – choose you. Leah, you don’t like me. I don’t like you. Thank you, Captain Obvious. That doesn’t matter to me. I’m staying with Seth. You don’t like vampires. Don’t you think that’s a little conflict of interest right there? You don’t like vampires either. But Iam committed to this alliance. You aren’t. I’ll keep my distance from them. I can run patrols out here, just like Seth. And I’m supposed to trust you with that? She stretched her neck, leaning up on her toes, trying to be as tall as me as she stared into my eyes. will not betray my pack. I wanted to throw my head back and howl, like Seth had before. This isn’t your pack! This isn’t even a pack. This is just me, going off on my own! What is it with you Clearwaters? Why can’t you leave me alone? Seth, just coming up behind us now, whined; I’d offended him. Great. I’ve been helpful, haven’t I, Jake? You haven’t madetoo much a nuisance of yourself, kid, but if you and Leah are a package deal – if the only way to get rid of her is for you to go home†¦. Weil, can you blame me for wanting you gone? Ugh, Leah, you ruin everything! Yeah, I know,she told him, and the thought was loaded with the heaviness of her despair. I felt the pain in the three little words, and it was more than I would’ve guessed. I didn’t want to feel that. I didn’t want to feel bad for her. Sure, the pack was rough on her, but she brought it all on herself with the bitterness that tainted her every thought and made being in her head a nightmare. Seth was feeling guilty, too. Jake†¦ You’re not really gonna send me away, are you? Leah’s not so bad. Really. I mean, with her here, we can push the perimeter out farther. And this puts Sam down to seven. There’s no way he’s going to mount an attack that outnumbered. It’s probably a good thing†¦. You know I don’t want to lead a pack, Seth. So don’t lead us,Leah offered. I snorted. Sounds perfect to me. Run along home now. Jake,Seth thought. belong here. I do like vampires. Cullens, anyway. They’re people to me, and I’m going to protect them, ’cause that’s what we’re supposed to do. Maybe you belong, kid, but your sister doesn’t And she’s going to go wherever you are – I stopped short, because I saw something when I said that. Something Leah had been trying not to think. Leah wasn’t going anywhere. Thought this was about Seth,I thought sourly. She flinched. Of course I’m here for Seth. And to get away from Sam. Her jaw clenched. don’t have to explain myself to you. I just have to do what I’m told. I belong to your pack, Jacob. The end. I paced away from her, growling. Crap. I was never going to get rid of her. As much as she disliked me, as much as she loathed the Cullens, as happy as she’d be to go kill all the vampires right now, as much as it pissed her off to have to protect them instead – none of that was anything compared to what she felt being free of Sam. Leah didn’t like me, so it wasn’t such a chore having me wish she would disappear. She loved Sam. Still. And having him wish she would disappear was more pain than she was willing to live with, now that she had a choice. She would have taken any other option. Even if it meant moving in with the Cullens as their lapdog. don’t know if I’d go that far, she thought. She tried to make the words tough, aggressive, but there were big cracks in her show. I’m sure I’d give killing myself a few good tries first. Look, Leah†¦ No,you look, Jacob. Stop arguing with me, because it’s not going to do any good. I’ll stay out of your way, okay? I’ll do anything you want Except go back to Sam’s pack and be the pathetic ex-girlfriend he can’t get away from. If you want me to leave – she sat back on her haunches and stared straight into my eyes – you’re going to have tomake me. I snarled for a long, angry minute. I was beginning to feel some sympathy for Sam, despite what he had done to me, to Seth. No wonder he was always ordering the pack around. How else would you ever get anything done? Seth, are you gonna get mad at me if I kill your sister? He pretended to think about it for a minute. Well†¦ yeah, probably. I sighed. Okay, then, Ms. Do-Anything-I-Want Why don’t you make yourself useful by telling us what you know? What happened after we left last night? Lots of howling. But you probably heard that part. It was so loud that it took us a while to figure out that we couldn’t hear either of you anymore. Sam was†¦Words failed her, but we could see it in our head. Both Seth and I cringed. After that, it was clear pretty quick that we were going to have to rethink things. Sam was planning to talk to the other Elders first thing this morning. We were supposed to meet up and figure out a game plan. I could tell he wasn’t going to mount another attack right away, though. Suicide at this point, with you and Seth AWOL and the bloodsuckers forewarned. I’m not sure what they’ll do, but I wouldn’t be wandering the forest alone if I was a leech. It’s open season on vamps now. You decided to skip the meeting this morning?I asked. When we split up for patrols last night, I asked permission to go home, to tell my mother what had happened – Crap! You told Mom?Seth growled. Seth, hold off on the sibling stuff for a sec. Go on, Leah. So once I was human, I took a minute to think things through. Well, actually, I took all night. I bet the others think I fell asleep. But the whole two-separate-packs, two-separate-pack-minds thing gave mea lot to sift through. In the end, I weighed Seth’s safety and the, er, other benefits against the idea of turning traitor and sniffing vampire stink for who knows how long. You know what I decided. I left a note for my mom. I expect we’ll hear it when Sam finds out . .. Leah cocked an ear to the west. Yeah, I expect we will,I agreed. So that’s everything. What do we do now?she asked. She and Seth both looked at me expectantly. This was exactly the kind of thing I didn’t want to have to do. guess we just keep an eye out for now. That’s all we can do. You should probably take a nap, Leah. You’ve had as much sleep as I have. Thought you were going to do what you were told? Right. That’s going to get old,she grumbled, and then she yawned. Well, whatever. I don’t care. I’ll run the border, Jake. I’m not tired at all.Seth was so glad I hadn’t forced them home, he was all but prancing with excitement. Sure, sure. I’m going to go check in with the Cullens. Seth took off along the new path worn into the damp earth. Leah looked after him thoughtfully. Maybe a round or two before I crash†¦. Hey Seth, wanna see how many times I can lap you? NO! Barking out a low chuckle, Leah lunged into the woods after him. I growled uselessly. So much for peace and quiet. Leah was trying – for Leah. She kept her jibes to a minimum as she raced around the circuit, but it was impossible not to be aware of her smug mood. I thought of the whole â€Å"two’s company† saying. It didn’t really apply, because one was plenty to my mind. But if there had to be three of us, it was hard to think of anyone that I wouldn’t trade her for. Paul?she suggested. Maybe,I allowed. She laughed to herself, too jittery and hyper to get offended, i wondered how long the buzz from dodging Sam’s pity would last. That will be my goal then – to be less annoying than Paul. Yeah, work on that I changed into my other form when I was a few yards from the lawn. I hadn’t been planning to spend much time human here. But I hadn’t been planning to have Leah in my head, either. I pulled on my ragged shorts and started across the lawn. The door opened before I got to the steps, and I was surprised to see Carlisle rather than Edward step outside to meet me – his face looked exhausted and defeated. For a second, my heart froze. I faltered to a stop, unable to speak. â€Å"Are you all right, Jacob?† Carlisle asked. â€Å"Is Bella?† I choked out. â€Å"She’s†¦ much the same as last night. Did I startle you? I’m sorry. Edward said you were coming in your human form, and I came out to greet you, as he didn’t want to leave her. She’s awake.† And Edward didn’t want to lose any time with her, because he didn’t have much time left. Carlisle didn’t say the words out loud, but he might as well have. It had been a while since I’d slept – since before my last patrol. I could really feel that now. I took a step forward, sat down on the porch steps, and slumped against the railing. Moving whisper-quiet as only a vampire could, Carlisle took a seat on the same step, against the other railing. â€Å"I didn’t get a chance to thank you last night, Jacob. You don’t know how much I appreciate your†¦ compassion. I know your goal was to protect Bella, but I owe you the safety of the rest of my family as well. Edward told me what you had to do___† â€Å"Don’t mention it,† I muttered. â€Å"If you prefer.† We sat in silence. I could hear the others in the house. Emmett, Alice, and Jasper, speaking in low, serious voices upstairs. Esme humming tunelessly in another room. Rosalie and Edward breathing close by – I couldn’t tell which was which, but I could hear the difference in Bella’s labored panting. I could hear her heart, too. It seemed†¦ uneven. It was like fate was out to make me do everything I’d ever sworn I wouldn’t in the course of twenty-four hours. Here I was, hanging around, waiting for her to die. I didn’t want to listen anymore. Talking was better than listening. â€Å"She’s family to you?† I asked Carlisle. It had caught my notice before, when he’d said I’d helped the rest of his family, too. â€Å"Yes. Bella is already a daughter to me. A beloved daughter.† â€Å"But you’re going to let her die.† He was quiet long enough that I looked up. His face was very, very tired. I knew how he felt. â€Å"I can imagine what you think of me for that,† he finally said. â€Å"But i can’t ignore her will. It wouldn’t be right to make such a choice for her, to force her.† I wanted to be angry with him, but he was making it hard. It was like he was throwing my own words back at me, just scrambled up. They’d sounded right before, but they couldn’t be right now. Not with Bella dying. Still†¦ I remembered how it felt to be broken on the ground under Sam – to have no choice but be involved in the murder of someone I loved. It wasn’t the same, though. Sam was wrong. And Bella loved things she shouldn’t. â€Å"Do you think there’s any chance she’ll make it? I mean, as a vampire and all that. She told me about†¦ about Esme.† Tel say there’s an even chance at this point,† he answered quietly. â€Å"I’ve seen vampire venom work miracles, but there are conditions that even venom cannot overcome. Her heart is working too hard now; if it should fail†¦ there won’t be anything for me to do.† Bella’s heartbeat throbbed and faltered, giving an agonizing emphasis to his words. Maybe the planet had started turning backward. Maybe that would explain how everything was the opposite of what it had been yesterday – how I could be hoping for what had once seemed like the very worst thing in the world. â€Å"What is that thing doing to her?† I whispered. â€Å"She was so much worse last night. I saw†¦ the tubes and all that. Through the window.† â€Å"The fetus isn’t compatible with her body. Too strong, for one thing, but she could probably endure that for a while. The bigger problem is that it won’t allow her to get the sustenance she needs. Her body is rejecting every form of nutrition. I’m trying to feed her intravenously, but she’s just not absorbing it. Everything about her condition is accelerated. I’m watching her – and not just her, but the fetus as well – starve to death by the hour. I can’t stop it and I can’t slow it down. I can’t figure out what it wants† His weary voice broke at the end. I felt the same way I had yesterday, when I’d seen the black stains across her stomach – furious, and a little crazy. I clenched my hands into fists to control the shaking. I hated the thing that was hurting her. It wasn’t enough for the monster to beat her from the inside out. No, it was starving her, too. Probably just looking for something to sink its teeth into – a throat to suck dry. Since it wasn’t big enough to kill anyone else yet, it settled for sucking Bella’s life from her. I could tell them exactly what it wanted: death and blood, blood and death. My skin was all hot and prickly. I breathed slowly in and out, focusing on that to calm myself. â€Å"I wish I could get a better idea of what exactly it is,† Carlisle murmured. â€Å"The fetus is well protected. I haven’t been able to produce an ultrasonic image. I doubt there is any way to get a needle through the amniotic sac, but Rosalie won’t agree to let me try, in any case.† â€Å"A needle?† I mumbled. â€Å"What good would that do?† â€Å"The more I know about the fetus, the better I can estimate what it will be capable of. What I wouldn’t give for even a little amniotic fluid. If I knew even the chromosomal count†¦Ã¢â‚¬  â€Å"You’re losing me, Doc. Can you dumb it down?† He chuckled once – even his laugh sounded exhausted. â€Å"Okay. How much biology have you taken? Did you study chromosomal pairs?† â€Å"Think so. We have twenty-three, right?† â€Å"Humans do.† I blinked. â€Å"How many do you have?† â€Å"Twenty-five.† I frowned at my fists for a second. â€Å"What does that mean?† â€Å"I thought it meant that our species were almost completely different. Less related than a lion and a house cat. But this new life – well, it suggests that we’re more genetically compatible than I’d thought.† He sighed sadly. â€Å"I didn’t know to warn them.† I sighed, too. It had been easy to hate Edward for the same ignorance. I still hated him for it. It was just hard to feel the same way about Carlisle. Maybe because I wasn’t ten shades of jealous in Carlisle’s case. â€Å"It might help to know what the count was – whether the fetus was closer to us or to her. To know what to expect.† Then he shrugged. â€Å"And maybe it wouldn’t help anything. I guess I just wish I had something to study, anything to do.† â€Å"Wonder what my chromosomes are like,† I muttered randomly. I thought of those Olympic steroids tests again. Did they run DNA scans? Carlisle coughed self-consciously. â€Å"You have twenty-four pairs, Jacob.† I turned slowly to stare at him, raising my eyebrows. He looked embarrassed. â€Å"I was†¦ curious. I took the liberty when I was treating you last June.† I thought about it for a second. â€Å"I guess that should piss me off. But I don’t really care.† â€Å"I’m sorry. I should have asked.† â€Å"S’okay, Doc. You didn’t mean any harm.† â€Å"No, I promise you that I did not mean you any harm. It’s just that†¦ I find your species fascinating. I suppose that the elements of vampiric nature have come to seem commonplace to me over the centuries. Your family’s divergence from humanity is much more interesting. Magical, almost.† â€Å"Bibbidi-Bobbidi-Boo,† I mumbled. He was just like Bella with all the magic garbage. Carlisle laughed another weary laugh. Then we heard Edward’s voice inside the house, and we both paused to listen. â€Å"I’ll be right back, Bella. I want to speak with Carlisle for a moment. Actually, Rosalie, would you mind accompanying me?† Edward sounded different. There was a little life in his dead voice. A spark of something. Not hope exactly, but maybe the desire to hope. â€Å"What is it, Edward?† Bella asked hoarsely. â€Å"Nothing you need to worry about, love. It will just take a second. Please, Rose?† â€Å"Esme?† Rosalie called. â€Å"Can you mindBella for me?† Iheard the whisper of wind as Esme flitted down the stairs. â€Å"Of course,† she said. Carlisle shifted, twisting to look expectantly at the door. Edward was through the door first, with Rosalie right on his heels. His face was, like his voice, no longer dead. He seemed intensely focused. Rosalie looked suspicious. Edward shut the door behind her. â€Å"Carlisle,† he murmured. â€Å"What is it, Edward?† â€Å"Perhaps we’ve been going about this the wrong way. I was listening to you and Jacob just now, and when you were speaking of what the†¦ fetus wants, Jacob had an interesting thought.† Me?What had thought? Besides my obvious hatred for the thing? At least I wasn’t alone in that. I could tell that Edward had a difficult time using a term as mild as fetus. â€Å"We haven’t actually addressed that angle,† Edward went on. â€Å"We’ve been trying to get Bella what she needs. And her body is accepting it about as well as one of ours would. Perhaps we should address the needs of the†¦ fetus first. Maybe if we can satisfy it, we’ll be able to help her more effectively.† â€Å"I’m not following you, Edward,† Carlisle said. â€Å"Think about it, Carlisle. If that creature is more vampire than human, can’t you guess what it craves – what it’s not getting? Jacob did.† I did? I ran through the conversation, trying to remember what thoughts I’d kept to myself. I remembered at the same time that Carlisle understood. â€Å"Oh,† he said in a surprised tone. â€Å"You think it is†¦ thirsty?† Rosalie hissed under her breath. She wasn’t suspicious anymore. Her revoltingly perfect face wasall lit up, her eyes wide with excitement. â€Å"Of course,† she muttered. â€Å"Carlisle, we have all that type O negative laid aside for Bella. It’s a good idea,† she added, not looking at me. â€Å"Hmm.† Carlisle put his hand to his chin, lost in thought. â€Å"I wonder†¦ And then, what would be the best way to administer___† Rosalie shook her head. â€Å"We don’t have time to be creative. I’d say we should start with the traditional way.† â€Å"Wait a minute,† i whispered. â€Å"Just hold on. Are you – are you talking about making Bella drink blood?† â€Å"It was your idea, dog,† Rosalie said, scowling at me without ever quite looking at me. I ignored her and watched Carlisle. That same ghost of hope that had been in Edward’s face was now in the doctor’s eyes. He pursed his lips, speculating. â€Å"That’s just†¦Ã¢â‚¬  I couldn’t find the right word. â€Å"Monstrous?† Edward suggested. â€Å"Repulsive?† â€Å"Pretty much.† â€Å"But what if it helps her?† he whispered. I shook my head angrily. â€Å"What are you gonna do, shove a tube down her throat?† â€Å"I plan to ask her what she thinks. I just wanted to run it past Carlisle first.† Rosalie nodded. â€Å"If you tell her it might help the baby, she’ll be willing to do anything. Even if we do have to feed them through a tube.† I realized then – when I heard how her voice got all loveydovey as she said the word baby – that Blondie would be in line with anything that helped the little life-sucking monster. Was that what was going on, the mystery factor that was bonding the two of them? Was Rosalie after the kid? From the corner of my eye, I saw Edward nod once, absently, not looking in my direction. But I knew he was answering my questions. Huh. I wouldn’t have thought the ice-cold Barbie would have a maternal side. So much for protecting Bella – Rosalie’d probably jam the tube down Bella’s throat herself. Edward’s mouth mashed into a hard line, and I knew I was right again. â€Å"Well, we don’t have time to sit around discussing this,† Rosalie said impatiently. â€Å"What do you think, Carlisle? Can we try?† Carlisle took a deep breath, and then he was on his feet. â€Å"We’ll ask Bella.† Blondie smiled smugly – sure that, if it was up to Bella, she would get her way. I dragged myself up from the stairs and followed after them as they disappeared into the house. I wasn’t sure why. Just morbid curiosity, maybe. It was like a horror movie. Monsters and blood all over the place. Maybe I just couldn’t resist another hit of my dwindling drug supply. Bella lay flat on the hospital bed, her belly a mountain under the sheet. She looked like wax – colorless and sort of see-through. You’d think she was already dead, except for the tiny movement of her chest, her shallow breathing. And then her eyes, following the four of us with exhausted suspicion. The others were at her side already, flitting across the room with sudden darting motions. It was creepy to watch. 1 ambled along at a slow walk. â€Å"What’s going on?† Bella demanded in a scratchy whisper. Her waxy hand twitched up – like she was trying to protect her balloon-shaped stomach. â€Å"Jacob had an idea that might help you,† Carlisle said. I wished he would leave me out of it. I hadn’t suggested anything. Give the credit to her bloodsucking husband, where it belonged. â€Å"It won’t be†¦ pleasant, but – â€Å" â€Å"But it will help the baby,† Rosalie interrupted eagerly. â€Å"We’ve thought of a better way to feed him. Maybe.† Bella’s eyelids fluttered. Then she coughed out a weak chuckle. â€Å"Not pleasant?† she whispered. â€Å"Gosh, that’ll be such a change.† She eyed the tube stuck into her arm and coughed again. Blondie laughed with her. The girl looked like she only had hours left, and she had to be in pain, but she was making jokes. So Bella. Trying to ease the tension, make it better for everyone else. Edward stepped around Rosalie, no humor touching his intense expression. I was glad for that. It helped, just a little bit, that he was suffering worse than me. He took her hand, not the one that was still protecting her swollen belly. â€Å"Bella, love, we’re going to ask you to do something monstrous,† he said, using the same adjectives he’d offered me. â€Å"Repulsive.† Well, at least he was giving it to her straight. She took a shallow, fluttery breath. â€Å"How bad?† Carlisle answered. â€Å"We think the fetus might have an appetite closer to ours than to yours. We think it’s thirsty.† She blinked. â€Å"Oh. Oh.† â€Å"Your condition – both of your conditions – are deteriorating rapidly. We don’t have time to waste, to come up with more palatable ways to do this. The fastest way to test the theory – â€Å" â€Å"I’ve got to drink it,† she whispered. She nodded slightly – barely enough energy for a little head bob. â€Å"I can do that. Practice for the future, right?† Her colorless lips stretched into a faint grin as she looked at Edward. He didn’t smile back. Rosalie started tapping her toe impatiently. The sound was really irritating. I wondered what she would do if I threw her through a wall right now. â€Å"So, who’s going to catch me a grizzly bear?† Bella whispered. Carlisle and Edward exchanged a quick glance. Rosalie stopped tapping. â€Å"What?† Bella asked. â€Å"It will be a more effective test if we don’t cut corners, Bella,† Carlisle said. â€Å"Ifthe fetus is craving blood,† Edward explained, â€Å"it’s not craving animal blood.† â€Å"It won’t make a difference to you, Bella. Don’t think about it,† Rosalie encouraged. Bella’s eyes widened. â€Å"Who?† she breathed, and her gaze flickered to me. â€Å"I’m not here as a donor, Bells,† I grumbled. â€Å"‘Sides, it’s human blood that thing’s after, and I don’t think mine applies – â€Å" â€Å"We have blood on hand,† Rosalie told her, talking over me before I’d finished, like I wasn’t there. â€Å"For you – just in case. Don’t worry about anything at all. It’s going to be fine. I have a good feeling about this, Bella. I think the baby will be so much better.† Bella:s hand ran across her stomach. â€Å"Well,† she rasped, barely audible. â€Å"I’m starving, so I’ll bet he is, too.† Trying to make another joke. â€Å"Let’s go for it. My first vampire act.† How to cite The Twilight Saga 4: Breaking Dawn 12. Some People Just Don’t Grasp †¦, Essay examples

Tuesday, April 28, 2020

Welfare Essays (1769 words) - Welfare Economics, Public Economics

Welfare On October 29, 1929, the stock market crashed. The crash sent a shock-wave throughout the economy. Banks failed. Businesses closed. Millions found themselves out of work. The Great Depression, which would last through the 1930s, had begun. [Bill of Rights in Action, Welfare, 1998 pg. 1 paragraph 1] When the Great Depression began, about 18 million elderly, disabled, and single mothers with children already lived at a bare existent level in the United States. State and local governments together with private charities helped these people. By 1933, another 13 million Americans had been thrown out of work. Suddenly, state and local governments and charities could no longer provide even minimum assistance for all those in need. Food riots broke out. [Bill of Rights in Action, Welfare, 1998 pg. 1 paragraph 2] The effects of the Depression on poor children was severe. President Franklin D. Roosevelt focused mainly on creating jobs for the masses of unemployed workers, he also backed the idea of federal aid for poor children and other dependent persons. By 1935, a national welfare system had been established for the first time in American history. A Federal welfare system was a radical break from the past. Americans had always prided themselves on having a strong sense of individualism and self-reliance. Many believed that those who couldnt take care of themselves were to be blamed for their own misfortunes. [Bill of Rights in Action, Welfare, 1998 pg. 2 paragraph 5-6] In 1909, President Theodore Roosevelt called a White House conference on how to deal with the problem of poor single mothers and their children. The conference declared that preserving the family in the home was preferable to placing the poor in institutions, which were widely criticized as costly failures. The emphasis during the first two years of President Franklin Roosevelts New Deal was to provide work relief for the millions of unemployed Americans. [Bill of Rights in Action, Welfare, 1998 pg. 3 paragraph 1 & 5] By expanding federal responsibility for the security of all Americans, Roosevelt believed that the necessity for government make-work employment and other forms of Depression relief would disappear. In his address before Congress, Roosevelt argued that the continuation of government relief would disappear. In his address before Congress, Roosevelt also argued that the continuation of government relief programs was a bad thing for the country. [Bill of Rights in Action, Welfare, 1998 pg. 3 paragraph 7] In addition to old-age pensions and unemployment insurance, the Social Security Act established a national welfare system. Additional federal welfare aid was provided to destitute old people, the needy blind, and crippled children. Although financed partly by federal tax money, the states could still set their own eligibility requirements and benefit levels. The need for federal aid to dependent children and poor old people would gradually disappear as employment improved and those over 65 began to collect Social Security pensions. [Bill of Rights in Action, Welfare, 1998 pg. 4 paragraph 1,2,3] Since the Great Depression, the national welfare system expanded both in courage and federal regulations. From its beginning, the system drew critics. Some complained that the system did not do enough to get people to work. Others simply believed the federal government should not administer a welfare system. As the system grew, so did criticism of it, especially in the 1980s and 90s. Aid to Families with Dependent Children had drawn the greatest criticism. By the 1990s, AFDC supported 15% of all U.S. children. In most cases, these Children lived at home and were cared for by a single parent, usually the mother, who otherwise did not work. This situation brought on complaints that welfare let able-bodied adults avoid work and become dependent on government handouts. Some of those criticizing AFDC were recipients themselves, 70% of whom collected a welfare check for less than two years. For many of these people, going on welfare was a humiliating experience of struggling through a maze of bureaucratic rules in order to feed, clothe, and house themselves and their children. [Bill of Rights in Action, Welfare, 1998 pg. 4,5 paragraph 4,11] In 1992, Bill Clinton, ran for president promising to end welfare as we know it In August 1996, after 18 months of